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The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer logo was developed to provide a distinct brand for the two treaties across various communication assets and applications. The visual identity guideline is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of applications and correct use of the logo.

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Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
15-05-1029 R12 but trade as R134a, in a R134a cylinder 2 cylinder of 13.4kg Cote d'Ivoire (according to re-seller) The substances in the cylinder is marked as R134a, but after analyzing it, it appear to be R12 2 cylinders have been confiscated by the NOU. The importation is coming from some where else, as Cote d’Ivoire is not producing refrigerant. Investigation is still going on
Laboratory and analytical uses

Pursuant to Decision X/19 (4), the Secretariat is listing below decisions by the Parties on laboratory and analytical uses that should no longer be eligible for production and consumption of controlled ozone-depleting substances under the global exemption:

  • Uses excluded from the global essential-use exemption (Decision VII/11 (6)):
  1. Refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment used in laboratories, including refrigerated laboratory equipment such as ultra-centrifuges;
  2. Cleaning, reworking, repair, or rebuilding of electronic components or assemblies;
  3. Preservation of publications and archives; and
  4. Sterilization of materials in a laboratory;
  • Uses eliminated from the global exemption for laboratory and analytical uses (Decision XI/15)
  1. Testing of oil, grease and total petroleum hydrocarbons in water;
  2. Testing of tar in road-paving materials; and
  3. Forensic finger-printing.
  • Use eliminated from the global exemption for laboratory and analytical uses (Decision XIX/18)
  1. Testing of organic matter in coal
  • All uses of methyl bromide except those listed in decision XVIII/15 (see preamble of decision XXI/6)

Of relevance to the global exemption of laboratory and analytical uses are:

  • Conditions applied to exemption for laboratory and analytical uses (Annex II of the Report of the Sixth Meeting of the Parties)
  • Categories and examples of laboratory uses (Annex IV of the Report of the Seventh Meeting of the Parties)

Category of laboratory and analytical critical use to allow methyl bromide to be used (Decision XVIII/15(2))

Subject to the conditions applied to the exemption for laboratory and analytical uses contained in annex II to the report of the Sixth Meeting of the Parties, it was decided by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol at their Eighteenth Meeting to adopt a category of laboratory and analytical critical use to allow methyl bromide to be used:

“(a)      As a reference or standard:

(i)         To calibrate equipment which uses methyl bromide;
(ii)        To monitor methyl bromide emission levels;
(iii)       To determine methyl bromide residue levels in goods, plants and commodities;

    (b)        In laboratory toxicological studies;

    (c)        To compare the efficacy of methyl bromide and its alternatives inside a laboratory;

    (d)        As a laboratory agent which is destroyed in a chemical reaction in the manner of feedstock;”

    Parties’ reports on illegal trade
    Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
    2015 R-22 30980,8 Kg. CHINA En una verificación rutinaria de cilindros de gases refrigerantes se encontraron 2278 cilindros de R-22 de 13,6 kg. cada uno sin declarar y escondidos en cuatro contenedores que declararon que contenían equipos de cortinas de aire y 570 cilindro de R-410A, y 571 cilindros de R-407C. (English : At a routine check on refrigerants gases cylinders, 2,278 unregistered cylinders for R22, of 13.6 kg each, were found hidden in four containers which were registered as containing air curtain equipment and 570 cylinders for R-410A, and 571 cylinders for R-407C.) Se procedió a retener el cargamento, iniciándose un sumario administrativo en el Ministerio del Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, y realizándose, además, una denuncia en el Ministerio Público - Fiscalía Especializada en Delitos Ambientales. El Ministerio del Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible culminó el proceso con el pago de una multa y reenvío de los cilindros de R-22 a origen. (English : The shipload was detained, initiating an administrative summary at the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and also made a complaint at the Public Ministry - Specialized Prosecutor in Environmental Crimes. The Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development concluded the prosecution with the payment of a fine and sending back the R-22 cylinders to their origin.) Submission received October 24, 2018 from Ulises Lovera <ulovera@seam.gov.py>. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.31/INF/
    Parties’ reports on illegal trade
    Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
    01-05-2003 CFC-12 & HCFC-22 2,076 disposable cylinders of 13.6 kg each China The physical examination of the contents of two container vans revealed boxes of CFC-12 concealed behind layers of HCFC-22 boxes. The first 2 layers were HCFC-22, while the rest were CFC-12. The shipment was forfeited in favour of the Government. In accord with the tariff and customs code of the Philippines, the forfeited shipment should be sold at auction. Only registered importers will be allowed to participate in the auction, and any ODS they purchase will be deducted from their quota allocation. The importer was fined 50,000 pesos and suffered revocation of certificate of registration and permit to import.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
    01-05-2003 CFC-12 & HCFC-22 454 cylinders of 13.6 kg each China Using Neutron refrigerant identifier, the shipment was tested and found to be 30.7% HFC-134a, 9.9% CFC-12, 48.3% HCFC-22, and 11.1% hydrocarbon, instead of pure HFC-134a, as declared. If computed by percentage weight, CFC-12 amounted to 539 kilograms.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7

    Recalling decision XXVI/5, which extended the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption until 31 December 2021, under the conditions set out in annex II to the report of the Sixth Meeting of the Parties,

    Noting that Annex C, group I, substances (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) are currently not included in the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption,

    Noting the 2018 report by the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, which notes that hydrochlorofluorocarbons will be required for laboratory and analytical uses after 2020,

    Taking into account the adjustment agreed on by parties in 2018 to permit essential-use exemptions for hydrochlorofluorocarbons,

    To include Annex C, group I, substances in the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption under the same conditions and on the same timeline as set forth in paragraph 1 of decision XXVI/5;

    Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
    30-01-2019 R-22 0.182 MT China A fishing vessel belonging to a foreign owned locally based fishing company docked in Kosrae state. Customs Officers from the state of Kosrae conducted an inspection and found that the vessel misdeclared number of cylinders of R-22 and R-404A. Customs seized both supplies of R-22 and R-404A when it was found that the company not only misdeclared actual quantities of cylinders for each refrigerant,but failed to secure an import permit for the ODS R-22. The volume of R-22 and R-404A totaled 0.183 MT and 0.698 MT respectively. The FSM NOU has issued a penalty of $25,000 against the company in accordance with FSM’s Ozone Depleting Substances regulations. The seized R-22 cylinders totaling 0.183 MT is currently in storage with Kosrae State Customs Office. The 64 cylinders of R404A was eventually released back to the company after the company had paid penalties to Customs for misdeclaration of goods.
    08-10-2015 Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) 45 Kg (180 canisters of 250g each) Federated States of Micronesia/China Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12 falsely labelled as Tetrafluoroethane (R-134A). 6 cases of canisters labelled as Arkane R-134A. Each case contained 30 canisters of 250g of R-12 Confiscated and stored by Federated States of Micronesia, Yap State Field Office UNEP/OzL.Pro.28/INF/5

     EN     EN

    Parties’ reports on illegal trade
    Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
    2016 R-22     During 2016 law enforcement agents carried out a total of 265 inspections of businesses using ODS. As a result 103 infringements and 2 crimes were detected.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
    2014-2015 R-422 and R-22     Waste ODSs were transported by road using courier companies, in unauthorized vehicles that were different from those identified in the original application for shipment authorization. The cases were sent to the local authorities. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
    2013-2016 R-22 37 tonnes   Illegal Trade of R-22 The investigation carried out by local authorities concluded that virgin R-22 was traded illegally thus breaching the ODS licensing system. 17 people were arrested and 37 tonnes of R22 seized. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
    2015 R-407 and R-22   Spain, France and Portugal The Spanish Civil Guard participated in the operation to inspect and search for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and possible illegal CFCs purported to be exported outside the European Union. 24 people arrested, 11 of them charged. 348 fridges were seized along with 154 washing machines, 7332 kg of metal and WEEE, 8 cylinders of R-22 and R-407. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
    2015 R-22     Customs authorities undertook 15 inspections in all the big establishments that already had equipment running with R-22. 17 arrests were carried out for different infringements of the regulatory management of the refrigeration equipment. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
    2015 R-22   Spain and Morocco Collection of Wast Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) freezer operation in different provinces of Spain - Madrid, Toledo, Ciudad Real and Melilla by regional, local and state environmental authorities. This involved the collection of used freezers which were diverted and traded in the second hand market in Spain and Morocco instead of being sent to waste treatment plants. The WEEE was dismantled and set with parts of other WEEE to be placed in the market. 464 WEEE (mainly freezers) were seized and 24 people were arrested. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
    2010-2011 R-12 R-11 71Tonnes   Shredding of fridges and other household appliances without ODS recovery. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) was collected from the legal waste collection sites. Fridges were sent to scrapyards instead of waste treatment plants. Valuable pieces were extracted and the rest ended in shredding facilities without any ODS decontamination. 1300 fridges and 1000 compressors seized. Around 71 Tonnes of R22, amounting to 500.000 Tonnes of CO2 equivalents from 400fridges were managed irregularly, with an estimated 10 million euros in profit. As a result 59 people were arrested, prosecuted and sentenced by the Supreme Court. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
    2013 R-12 R-11     Collection of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in the form of used fridges from a band of illegal traders operating in different provinces of Spain - Valencia, Alicante, Murcia y Málaga that were involved in diverting them to the second hand market in Spain and Morocco instead of sending the equipment to waste treatment plants. The WEEE were dismantled without any recovery of the ODS gas and the corresponding ODS emissions. 1739 fridges were seized during the operation and 178 people arrested. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Ma
    Parties’ reports on illegal trade
    Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
    01-01-2003 CFC-12 26 cylinders of R 502 (mixtures of CFC and HCFC) Not provided These cylinders were detained by customs authorities.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
    01-04-2003 CFC-12 200 cylinders of CFC-12 mislabelled as HFC-134a China Investigation revealed that a Chinese company named “Ningbo Free Zone, Sino- Resource, Import and Export Company Limited” manufactured the illegal consignment. The company claimed that it mistakenly filled the HFC-134a cylinders with CFC 12. The importer was fined. The consignment was forfeited and sold at auction to “Koolair Limited”, a company with a valid quota to import ODS. The purchased amount was deducted from Koolair’s quota.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
    01-05-2003 CFC-12 1 cylinder of CFC-12 and 3 cylinders of R 502 (mixture of CFC & HCFC) and 8 cylinders of CFC-11 Not provided The cylinders were detained by the customs authorities.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
    01-05-2004 CFC-12 Refrigerated container working with CFC-12 Not provided This was directed for retrofitting.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
    Thirteenth edition

    The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a global agreement to protect the Earth’s ozone layer by phasing out the chemicals that deplete it. This phase-out plan includes both the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances. The landmark agreement was signed in 1987 and entered into force in 1989. 

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