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The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer logo was developed to provide a distinct brand for the two treaties across various communication assets and applications. The visual identity guideline is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of applications and correct use of the logo.

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Information on safety standards

This interactive tool presents a non-exhaustive list of international, regional and national safety standards relevant to Refrigeration, Air-Conditioning and Heat Pump equipment developed by relevant Standards Organizations.

The standards are broadly classified into two categories: Main system safety standards, subdivided into Vertical system safety standards and Horizontal system safety standards, and Supplementary standards.

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
15-02-2018 HCFC-22 13.6 kg HCFC-22 (1 cylinder) Shipment by road from Azerbaijan through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi”   On 15 February 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one non-refillable refrigerant cylinder in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi” at the border between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The inspection of a passenger car took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into the seizure of one cylinder containing 13,6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The cylinder was placed in the storage of a service agency of the Ministry of Finance. An administrative procedure and a court case were initiated. The driver had to pay a fine of about 270 GEL (approx. USD 90).  
12-04-2018 HCFC-22 68 kg HCFC-22 (5 cylinders) Shipment by road from Turkey through the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi”   On 12 April 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of five non-refillable refrigerant cylinders in the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi” at the border between Turkey and Georgia. The inspection of a truck took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into the seizure of five cylinders containing 13.6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinders with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The cylinders were placed in the storage of a service agency of the Ministry of Finance. An administrative procedure and a court case were initiated. The driver had to pay a fine of about 1360 GEL (approx. 450 Euros).  
18-07-2018 CTC 1.6 kg CTC (1 cylinder) Shipment by air from Russia through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi Airport”   On 18 July 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one glass jar of 1.6 kg of carbon tetrachloride (CTC) in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi Airport”. The shipment arrived from Russia and the shipment papers were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. The shipment papers indicated carbon tetrachloride and the jar was labeled accordingly. However, the import of carbon tetrachloride into Georgia is banned and thus there was no import license. The seized jar was stored at the Customs Department. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. The owner had to pay a fine of 48 GEL (approx. 16 Euros).  
19-07-2018 HCFC-22 13.6 kg HCFC-22 (1 cylinder) Shipment by air from Russia through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi Airport”   On 19 July 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one non-refillable refrigerant cylinder in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi” at the border between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The inspection of a passenger car took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into the seizure of one cylinder containing 13,6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The cylinder was placed in the storage of a service agency of the Ministry of Finance. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. The driver had to pay a fine of about 270 GEL (approx. USD 90).  
04-08-2018 HCFC-22 13.6 kg HCFC-22 (1 cylinder) Shipment by road from Azerbaijan through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi”   On 4 August 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one non-refillable refrigerant cylinder in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi” at the border between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The inspection of a passenger car took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into to seizure of the cylinder containing 13,6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The driver and the cylinder were sent back. No administrative procedure was initiated.  
11-08-2018 HCFC-22 27.2 kg HCFC-22 (2 cylinders) Shipment by road from Azerbaijan through the Customs Clearance Zone “Poti”   On 11 August 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of two non-refillable refrigerant cylinders in the Customs Clearance Zone “Poti” at the border between Turkey and Georgia. The shipment papers of the cargo were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. They indicated two refrigerant cylinders containing 13.6 kg of HFC-417a each, which is a retrofit for HCFC-22. The physical inspection of the cargo detected two refrigerant cylinders labelled R22 (serial number R1014AZ1132). Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The driver did not have an import license for HCFC-22 and both cylinders were seized and stored in the Customs Department. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. The owner had to pay a fine of 680 GEL (approx. 220 Euros).  
01-09-2018 HCFC-22 27.2 kg HCFC-22 (2 cylinders) Shipment by road from Turkey through the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi”   On 1 September 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of two non-refillable refrigerant cylinders in the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi” at the border between Turkey and Georgia. The shipment papers of the truck were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. They indicated two refrigerant cylinders containing 13.6 kg of HFC-404a each, which is a retrofit for HCFC-22. The physical inspection of the truck detected two refrigerant cylinders labelled R22. Only the cardboard packaging indicated HFC-404a. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The driver did not have an import license for HCFC-22 and both cylinders were seized and stored at the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi”. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. A fine of 450 GEL (approx. 150 Euros) was applied.  
12-10-2018 Halon-2402 10 kg halon-2402 (1 cylinder) Shipment by road from Russia through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi”   On 12 October 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one plastic cylinder labelled as refrigerant 114B2 in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi”. The truck arrived from Russia and the shipment papers were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. They indicated 10 kg of halon-2402 and not refrigerant 114B2. Imports of halon into Georgia is banned and thus the driver did not have an import license for halon-2402. The cylinder was seized and stored at the Customs Department. An analysis of the cylinder contents was not done. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated.  
01-03-2004 CFC-12 Not provided United Arab Emirates Counterfeit “Genatron 134a” cylinders purportedly containing HFC-134a imported from Dubai to Tbilisi (Georgia). The cylinders after testing with gas identifiers revealed to contain CFC-12. The trade name used is genatron and not genetron.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
08-12-2015 R-22, R-404, R-410a 1 cylinder, 1 cylinder, 2 cylinders Bosnia and Herzegovina Upon arrival at the BCP Maljevac customs checkpoint in Croatia, a person of Croatian nationality did not declare four refrigerant cylinders placed in the trunk of his car. These included one cylinder of R404 (10.9 kg), one cylinder of R22 (13.6 kg) and two cylinders of R410A (11.3 kg each). Under Croatian law, only duly registered dealers can deal with ozone-depleting substances (ODS) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFC). The cylinders were seized and action under misdemeanor procedures initiated against the offender along with a € 200 fine plus the costs of the procedures. The report was sent to Environment inspection unit within the Ministry of Environment and Nature Protection and further investigation initiated. Croatia was awarded with the prestigious ozone protection medals and certificates in recognition of strong commitment to address illegal or unwanted trade in ozone-depleting substances (ODS), mixtures, equipment & products during the European and Central Asia Customs Cooperation Meeting in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 24-25 May 2016. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 21-Nov-16

 

Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
18-05-2017 Carbon tetrachloride 400 cylinders CTC of 500 ml each, 200 kg in total Importing country: Armenia. Exporting country: People’s Republic of China On 15 May 2017 TAG HEM LLC imported a container from the People’s Republic of China to the Republic of Armenia containing various goods including carbon tetrachloride, being unaware of the necessary proceedings for this special type of goods. Having checked the customs codes of all the goods, the customs officer requested for the import license for carbon tetrachloride. The importing company TAG HEM LLC applied to the Ministry of Nature Protection requesting for the import license but was rejected since the import of this substance was banned by the Government Resolution n 90-N. The Customs Service seized this product and released the rest of the products from the container. Unwanted goods were seized by the Customs Service for their further destruction. The Customs Service applied to the Ministry of Nature Protection requesting for the indication of the destruction facilities in the country. The Ministry of Nature Protection replied in the official communication that no destruction facilities were available in the country. Following this communication the Customs Service advised the company to re-export this product because no destruction facilities were available in the country. Currently the seized goods are stored in the customs warehouse. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.31/INF/
Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
01-05-2003 CFC-12 680 kg of CFC-12 “Refron” India Custom officers were alerted by an informer.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-06-2003 CFC-12 653 kg of CFC-12 “Refron” Not provided     Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-06-2003 CFC-12 454 kg of CFC-12 “Refron” India Seized by a special Khong River division during transport across the river from the Lao People’s Republic to Thailand. Prosecution of the case has not yet begun.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-06-2003 CFC-12 2,978.7 kg of CFC-12 “Refron” India     Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-07-2003 CFC-12 952 kg of CFC-12 “Refron” India Smuggling took place from the Lao People’s Republic to Thailand by crossing the Khong River and then transport by pickup truck.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-07-2003 CFC-12 680 kg of CFC-12 “Refron” Not provided     Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-07-2003 CFC-12 4,923.2 kg of CFC-12 “Refron” India     Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
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When did we realize ozone depletion was an issue, and how did we fix it? By 1985, the globe had already seen advancements in the scientific understanding of ozone depletion and its impacts on human health and the environment. It was then that the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer was created in response. This agreement is a framework convention that lays out principles agreed upon by many parties. It does not, however, require countries to take control actions to protect the ozone layer. This would come later in the form of the Montreal Protocol. 
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Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
25-02-2015 R22 3000kg (3 tanks) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
16-07-2015 R22 272kg (20 cyl 13.6kg) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
21-08-2015 R22 2040kg ( 150 cyl 13.6kg South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
07-10-2015 R22 544kg (40 cyl 13.6 kg) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
31-12-1899 R22 27.2kg (2 cy l 13.6kg) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
30-11-2015 R22 95.2kg (7 cyl 13.6 kg) China   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
06-12-2016 R22 108.8kg (8 cyl 13.6kg) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
2016 R22 2085kg (58 cyl 13.6kg) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
04-06-2017 R22 27.2kg (2cyl 13.6kg) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
01-08-2017 R22 149 .6 kg (11 cyl 13.6kg) South Africa   Confiscated refrigerants were kept until the following quota year to be sold to HCFC quota holders. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5

 

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
01-11-2002 HCFC-22 374.4 kg Not provided Illegal import of heat pumps containing ODS into the Czech Republic by a company, Polymat, s.r.o. Osvoboditelu 182 767 10 Kromeriz.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-11-2002 HCFC-22 13.6 kg Czech Republic Illegal storage and export of air-conditioning units containing ODS.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-05-2003 HCFC-22 Not available Not provided Illegal import of air-conditioning units containing ODSs to Czech Republic and recovery of ODS without proper permission issued by MoE CR by a company, GEA Klimatizace Vesecka 1 463 12 Liberec.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
01-08-2014 R-22 & R-11 9 cylinders & (5 cylinders R-22; 4 cylinders R-11). Iran During manual inspection of cargo on a truck at the customs point “Hazar” in the Balkan velayat region, customs inspectors detected a large wooden box holding 5 (five) cylinders of refrigerant R-22 with a total weight of 65kg and 4 (four) cylinders of R-11, with a total weight of 50kg. In accordance with the law of Turkmenistan, the import of R-11 is banned. The import of R-22 requires a one-time permit from the State Committee on the basis of a licence from the State concern “Turkmenhimiya”. The cylinders were sent back to the exporting country (Iran) at the expense of the importer. No fines were levied and no legal action was initiated. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 15-Dec-16
01-11-2014 R-22 2 cylinders United Arab Emirates During manual inspection of cargo on a truck at the customs point “Beyik Serdar Yoly” customs inspectors detected 2 (two) cylinders containing R-22 with a total weight of 27kg. The truck driver did not have a permit, licence or any other documentation concerning the importation of the refrigerant. In accordance with the law of Turkmenistan, the import of R-22 requires a one-time permit from the State Committee on the basis of a licence from the State concern “Turkmenhimiya”. The goods were sent back to the exporting country (United Arab Emirates) at the expense of the importer. No fines were levied and no legal action was initiated. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 15-Dec-16
01-04-2015 R-22 16 cylinders United Arab Emirates During manual inspection of cargo on a truck at the customs point “Hazar” in the Balkan velayat region, customs inspectors detected 16 (sixteen) cylinders of refrigerant R-22 with a total weight of 217.6 kg. The cargo was not accompanied by any permit, licence or other documents In accordance with the law of Turkmenistan, the import of R-22 requires a one-time permit from the State Committee on the basis of a licence from the State concern “Turkmenhimiya”. The goods were sent back to the exporting country (United Arab Emirates) at the expense of the importer. No fines were levied and no legal action was initiated. Turkmenistan has been awarded prestigious ozone protection medals and certificates in recognition of their strong commitment to address illegal or unwanted trade in ozone-depleting substances (ODS), mixtures, equipment and products and the ECA Customs Cooperation Meeting in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 23-25 May 2016. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 15-Dec-16

 

Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
01-10-2016 HCFC-141b based polyol 80 drums China In June 2016, the Department of the Environment and Energy received information that a company was intending to import an HCFC-141b based polyol system without an import licence or import quota. The company was aware both were required to import polyol systems containing HCFC-141b.  The Director of the company confirmed during a compliance site visit in August 2016 to the company’s premises that the company was in the process of importing HCFC-141b polyol based systems. The company was informed again, that an import licence and import quota for HCFC was required, and that all import quota for HCFC had been allocated. In October 2016, the Australian Border Force intercepted a consignment of 80 drums of HCFC-141b based polyol imported by that company that had landed in Sydney, and held those drums in a bonded warehouse while the Department of the Environment and Energy took compliance action. The action taken was for the importer to be required to return the polyol to the place of import. The importer agreed and was granted an export licence for a single export to enable it to re-export the polyol to its source country. This occurred in December 2016. The company was not prosecuted for the illegal import however compliance costs to the company were significant including the export licence application fee, the costs of storage in a bonded warehouse for two months and business disruption. These are unrecoverable costs to the to the company, in addition to the lost costs of purchasing the polyol system. Following the export of the polyol the company maintained contact with the Department of the Environment and Energy regarding obtaining an import licence for a HFC replacement or importing a non-scheduled alternative. They have been informed of the licensing program and quota requirements for the import of HFCs. HFC imports and phase down are monitored by the Department and the Department of Home Affairs. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.31/INF/