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Recalling decision XXVI/5, which extended the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption until 31 December 2021, under the conditions set out in annex II to the report of the Sixth Meeting of the Parties,

Noting that Annex C, group I, substances (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) are currently not included in the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption,

Noting the 2018 report by the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, which notes that hydrochlorofluorocarbons will be required for laboratory and analytical uses after 2020,

Taking into account the adjustment agreed on by parties in 2018 to permit essential-use exemptions for hydrochlorofluorocarbons,

To include Annex C, group I, substances in the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption under the same conditions and on the same timeline as set forth in paragraph 1 of decision XXVI/5;

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
30-01-2019 R-22 0.182 MT China A fishing vessel belonging to a foreign owned locally based fishing company docked in Kosrae state. Customs Officers from the state of Kosrae conducted an inspection and found that the vessel misdeclared number of cylinders of R-22 and R-404A. Customs seized both supplies of R-22 and R-404A when it was found that the company not only misdeclared actual quantities of cylinders for each refrigerant,but failed to secure an import permit for the ODS R-22. The volume of R-22 and R-404A totaled 0.183 MT and 0.698 MT respectively. The FSM NOU has issued a penalty of $25,000 against the company in accordance with FSM’s Ozone Depleting Substances regulations. The seized R-22 cylinders totaling 0.183 MT is currently in storage with Kosrae State Customs Office. The 64 cylinders of R404A was eventually released back to the company after the company had paid penalties to Customs for misdeclaration of goods.
08-10-2015 Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) 45 Kg (180 canisters of 250g each) Federated States of Micronesia/China Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12 falsely labelled as Tetrafluoroethane (R-134A). 6 cases of canisters labelled as Arkane R-134A. Each case contained 30 canisters of 250g of R-12 Confiscated and stored by Federated States of Micronesia, Yap State Field Office UNEP/OzL.Pro.28/INF/5

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Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
2016 R-22     During 2016 law enforcement agents carried out a total of 265 inspections of businesses using ODS. As a result 103 infringements and 2 crimes were detected.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2014-2015 R-422 and R-22     Waste ODSs were transported by road using courier companies, in unauthorized vehicles that were different from those identified in the original application for shipment authorization. The cases were sent to the local authorities. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2013-2016 R-22 37 tonnes   Illegal Trade of R-22 The investigation carried out by local authorities concluded that virgin R-22 was traded illegally thus breaching the ODS licensing system. 17 people were arrested and 37 tonnes of R22 seized. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2015 R-407 and R-22   Spain, France and Portugal The Spanish Civil Guard participated in the operation to inspect and search for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and possible illegal CFCs purported to be exported outside the European Union. 24 people arrested, 11 of them charged. 348 fridges were seized along with 154 washing machines, 7332 kg of metal and WEEE, 8 cylinders of R-22 and R-407. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2015 R-22     Customs authorities undertook 15 inspections in all the big establishments that already had equipment running with R-22. 17 arrests were carried out for different infringements of the regulatory management of the refrigeration equipment. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2015 R-22   Spain and Morocco Collection of Wast Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) freezer operation in different provinces of Spain - Madrid, Toledo, Ciudad Real and Melilla by regional, local and state environmental authorities. This involved the collection of used freezers which were diverted and traded in the second hand market in Spain and Morocco instead of being sent to waste treatment plants. The WEEE was dismantled and set with parts of other WEEE to be placed in the market. 464 WEEE (mainly freezers) were seized and 24 people were arrested. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2010-2011 R-12 R-11 71Tonnes   Shredding of fridges and other household appliances without ODS recovery. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) was collected from the legal waste collection sites. Fridges were sent to scrapyards instead of waste treatment plants. Valuable pieces were extracted and the rest ended in shredding facilities without any ODS decontamination. 1300 fridges and 1000 compressors seized. Around 71 Tonnes of R22, amounting to 500.000 Tonnes of CO2 equivalents from 400fridges were managed irregularly, with an estimated 10 million euros in profit. As a result 59 people were arrested, prosecuted and sentenced by the Supreme Court. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2013 R-12 R-11     Collection of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in the form of used fridges from a band of illegal traders operating in different provinces of Spain - Valencia, Alicante, Murcia y Málaga that were involved in diverting them to the second hand market in Spain and Morocco instead of sending the equipment to waste treatment plants. The WEEE were dismantled without any recovery of the ODS gas and the corresponding ODS emissions. 1739 fridges were seized during the operation and 178 people arrested. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Ma
Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
01-01-2003 CFC-12 26 cylinders of R 502 (mixtures of CFC and HCFC) Not provided These cylinders were detained by customs authorities.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-04-2003 CFC-12 200 cylinders of CFC-12 mislabelled as HFC-134a China Investigation revealed that a Chinese company named “Ningbo Free Zone, Sino- Resource, Import and Export Company Limited” manufactured the illegal consignment. The company claimed that it mistakenly filled the HFC-134a cylinders with CFC 12. The importer was fined. The consignment was forfeited and sold at auction to “Koolair Limited”, a company with a valid quota to import ODS. The purchased amount was deducted from Koolair’s quota.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-05-2003 CFC-12 1 cylinder of CFC-12 and 3 cylinders of R 502 (mixture of CFC & HCFC) and 8 cylinders of CFC-11 Not provided The cylinders were detained by the customs authorities.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-05-2004 CFC-12 Refrigerated container working with CFC-12 Not provided This was directed for retrofitting.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
Thirteenth edition

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a global agreement to protect the Earth’s ozone layer by phasing out the chemicals that deplete it. This phase-out plan includes both the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances. The landmark agreement was signed in 1987 and entered into force in 1989. 

More information

Laboratory and analytical uses

Recalling decisions VII/11 and XXI/6, in which the Meeting of the Parties requested all parties to urge their national standards-setting organizations to identify and review their standards for laboratory and analytical procedures that mandate the use of Montreal Protocol controlled substances with a view to adopting, where possible, laboratory and analytical products and processes that do not use controlled substances,

Recalling also decisions VII/11, XI/15, XVIII/15 and XIX/18, by which the Meeting of the Parties eliminated specific uses from the global exemption for laboratory and analytical uses,

1. To extend the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption until 31 December 2021, under the conditions set out in annex II to the report of the Sixth Meeting of the Parties and decisions XV/8, XVI/16 and XVIII/15, for the controlled substances under the Montreal Protocol in all annexes and groups except Annex C, group 1;

2. To request the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel to report no later than 2018 on the development and availability of laboratory and analytical procedures that can be performed without using controlled substances under the Montreal Protocol;

3. To encourage parties to continue to investigate domestically the possibility of replacing ozone-depleting substances in laboratory and analytical uses and to share the resulting information;

Annex II : Conditions applied to exemption for laboratory and analytical uses

Parties’ reports on illegal trade

 

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
21-12-2016 R 22 357 cylinders   Upon a phone call received by one of the importers about an alert on illegal trade of R22 in Entre Ríos Province, the NOU called national gendarmerie office in that jurisdiction. An official letter from the chief officer of that command centre was received. Information sent was processed and communication with the Federal Criminal and Correctional Court on Duty Number 1 of Entre Ríos Province-, where the prosecution is held, was established. There is a prosecution being held under the local jurisdiction, ongoing communication with the court in duty is held. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
08-05-2017 R 22 400 cylinders   Upon a phone call received by one of the importers about an alert on illegal trade of R22 in Entre Ríos Province, the NOU called national gendarmerie office in that jurisdiction. An official letter from the chief officer of that command centre was received. Information sent was processed and communication with the Federal Criminal and Correctional Court on Duty Number 1 of Entre Ríos Province-, where the prosecution is held, was established. There is a prosecution being held under the local jurisdiction, ongoing communication with the court in duty is held. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5

 

Information on safety standards

This interactive tool presents a non-exhaustive list of international, regional and national safety standards relevant to Refrigeration, Air-Conditioning and Heat Pump equipment developed by relevant Standards Organizations.

The standards are broadly classified into two categories: Main system safety standards, subdivided into Vertical system safety standards and Horizontal system safety standards, and Supplementary standards.

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
15-02-2018 HCFC-22 13.6 kg HCFC-22 (1 cylinder) Shipment by road from Azerbaijan through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi”   On 15 February 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one non-refillable refrigerant cylinder in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi” at the border between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The inspection of a passenger car took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into the seizure of one cylinder containing 13,6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The cylinder was placed in the storage of a service agency of the Ministry of Finance. An administrative procedure and a court case were initiated. The driver had to pay a fine of about 270 GEL (approx. USD 90).  
12-04-2018 HCFC-22 68 kg HCFC-22 (5 cylinders) Shipment by road from Turkey through the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi”   On 12 April 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of five non-refillable refrigerant cylinders in the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi” at the border between Turkey and Georgia. The inspection of a truck took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into the seizure of five cylinders containing 13.6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinders with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The cylinders were placed in the storage of a service agency of the Ministry of Finance. An administrative procedure and a court case were initiated. The driver had to pay a fine of about 1360 GEL (approx. 450 Euros).  
18-07-2018 CTC 1.6 kg CTC (1 cylinder) Shipment by air from Russia through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi Airport”   On 18 July 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one glass jar of 1.6 kg of carbon tetrachloride (CTC) in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi Airport”. The shipment arrived from Russia and the shipment papers were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. The shipment papers indicated carbon tetrachloride and the jar was labeled accordingly. However, the import of carbon tetrachloride into Georgia is banned and thus there was no import license. The seized jar was stored at the Customs Department. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. The owner had to pay a fine of 48 GEL (approx. 16 Euros).  
19-07-2018 HCFC-22 13.6 kg HCFC-22 (1 cylinder) Shipment by air from Russia through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi Airport”   On 19 July 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one non-refillable refrigerant cylinder in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi” at the border between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The inspection of a passenger car took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into the seizure of one cylinder containing 13,6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The cylinder was placed in the storage of a service agency of the Ministry of Finance. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. The driver had to pay a fine of about 270 GEL (approx. USD 90).  
04-08-2018 HCFC-22 13.6 kg HCFC-22 (1 cylinder) Shipment by road from Azerbaijan through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi”   On 4 August 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one non-refillable refrigerant cylinder in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tsiteli Khidi” at the border between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The inspection of a passenger car took place as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework and resulted into to seizure of the cylinder containing 13,6 kg of HCFC-22 refrigerant. The driver did not have any shipment papers or import license. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The driver and the cylinder were sent back. No administrative procedure was initiated.  
11-08-2018 HCFC-22 27.2 kg HCFC-22 (2 cylinders) Shipment by road from Azerbaijan through the Customs Clearance Zone “Poti”   On 11 August 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of two non-refillable refrigerant cylinders in the Customs Clearance Zone “Poti” at the border between Turkey and Georgia. The shipment papers of the cargo were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. They indicated two refrigerant cylinders containing 13.6 kg of HFC-417a each, which is a retrofit for HCFC-22. The physical inspection of the cargo detected two refrigerant cylinders labelled R22 (serial number R1014AZ1132). Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The driver did not have an import license for HCFC-22 and both cylinders were seized and stored in the Customs Department. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. The owner had to pay a fine of 680 GEL (approx. 220 Euros).  
01-09-2018 HCFC-22 27.2 kg HCFC-22 (2 cylinders) Shipment by road from Turkey through the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi”   On 1 September 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of two non-refillable refrigerant cylinders in the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi” at the border between Turkey and Georgia. The shipment papers of the truck were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. They indicated two refrigerant cylinders containing 13.6 kg of HFC-404a each, which is a retrofit for HCFC-22. The physical inspection of the truck detected two refrigerant cylinders labelled R22. Only the cardboard packaging indicated HFC-404a. Analysis of the contents of the refrigerant cylinder with a refrigerant identifier (model RI-2002PA) confirmed that it contained HCFC-22. The driver did not have an import license for HCFC-22 and both cylinders were seized and stored at the Customs Clearance Zone “Batumi”. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated. A fine of 450 GEL (approx. 150 Euros) was applied.  
12-10-2018 Halon-2402 10 kg halon-2402 (1 cylinder) Shipment by road from Russia through the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi”   On 12 October 2018, Georgia Customs Service detected an attempt of illegal import of one plastic cylinder labelled as refrigerant 114B2 in the Customs Clearance Zone “Tbilisi”. The truck arrived from Russia and the shipment papers were inspected as part of the Customs Risk Management Framework. They indicated 10 kg of halon-2402 and not refrigerant 114B2. Imports of halon into Georgia is banned and thus the driver did not have an import license for halon-2402. The cylinder was seized and stored at the Customs Department. An analysis of the cylinder contents was not done. An administrative procedure and court case were initiated.  
01-03-2004 CFC-12 Not provided United Arab Emirates Counterfeit “Genatron 134a” cylinders purportedly containing HFC-134a imported from Dubai to Tbilisi (Georgia). The cylinders after testing with gas identifiers revealed to contain CFC-12. The trade name used is genatron and not genetron.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7