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The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer logo was developed to provide a distinct brand for the two treaties across various communication assets and applications. The visual identity guideline is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of applications and correct use of the logo.

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Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
2015 R-22 30980,8 Kg. CHINA En una verificación rutinaria de cilindros de gases refrigerantes se encontraron 2278 cilindros de R-22 de 13,6 kg. cada uno sin declarar y escondidos en cuatro contenedores que declararon que contenían equipos de cortinas de aire y 570 cilindro de R-410A, y 571 cilindros de R-407C. (English : At a routine check on refrigerants gases cylinders, 2,278 unregistered cylinders for R22, of 13.6 kg each, were found hidden in four containers which were registered as containing air curtain equipment and 570 cylinders for R-410A, and 571 cylinders for R-407C.) Se procedió a retener el cargamento, iniciándose un sumario administrativo en el Ministerio del Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, y realizándose, además, una denuncia en el Ministerio Público - Fiscalía Especializada en Delitos Ambientales. El Ministerio del Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible culminó el proceso con el pago de una multa y reenvío de los cilindros de R-22 a origen. (English : The shipload was detained, initiating an administrative summary at the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and also made a complaint at the Public Ministry - Specialized Prosecutor in Environmental Crimes. The Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development concluded the prosecution with the payment of a fine and sending back the R-22 cylinders to their origin.) Submission received October 24, 2018 from Ulises Lovera <ulovera@seam.gov.py>. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.31/INF/
Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
01-05-2003 CFC-12 & HCFC-22 2,076 disposable cylinders of 13.6 kg each China The physical examination of the contents of two container vans revealed boxes of CFC-12 concealed behind layers of HCFC-22 boxes. The first 2 layers were HCFC-22, while the rest were CFC-12. The shipment was forfeited in favour of the Government. In accord with the tariff and customs code of the Philippines, the forfeited shipment should be sold at auction. Only registered importers will be allowed to participate in the auction, and any ODS they purchase will be deducted from their quota allocation. The importer was fined 50,000 pesos and suffered revocation of certificate of registration and permit to import.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-05-2003 CFC-12 & HCFC-22 454 cylinders of 13.6 kg each China Using Neutron refrigerant identifier, the shipment was tested and found to be 30.7% HFC-134a, 9.9% CFC-12, 48.3% HCFC-22, and 11.1% hydrocarbon, instead of pure HFC-134a, as declared. If computed by percentage weight, CFC-12 amounted to 539 kilograms.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7

Recalling decision XXVI/5, which extended the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption until 31 December 2021, under the conditions set out in annex II to the report of the Sixth Meeting of the Parties,

Noting that Annex C, group I, substances (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) are currently not included in the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption,

Noting the 2018 report by the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, which notes that hydrochlorofluorocarbons will be required for laboratory and analytical uses after 2020,

Taking into account the adjustment agreed on by parties in 2018 to permit essential-use exemptions for hydrochlorofluorocarbons,

To include Annex C, group I, substances in the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption under the same conditions and on the same timeline as set forth in paragraph 1 of decision XXVI/5;

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
30-01-2019 R-22 0.182 MT China A fishing vessel belonging to a foreign owned locally based fishing company docked in Kosrae state. Customs Officers from the state of Kosrae conducted an inspection and found that the vessel misdeclared number of cylinders of R-22 and R-404A. Customs seized both supplies of R-22 and R-404A when it was found that the company not only misdeclared actual quantities of cylinders for each refrigerant,but failed to secure an import permit for the ODS R-22. The volume of R-22 and R-404A totaled 0.183 MT and 0.698 MT respectively. The FSM NOU has issued a penalty of $25,000 against the company in accordance with FSM’s Ozone Depleting Substances regulations. The seized R-22 cylinders totaling 0.183 MT is currently in storage with Kosrae State Customs Office. The 64 cylinders of R404A was eventually released back to the company after the company had paid penalties to Customs for misdeclaration of goods.
08-10-2015 Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) 45 Kg (180 canisters of 250g each) Federated States of Micronesia/China Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12 falsely labelled as Tetrafluoroethane (R-134A). 6 cases of canisters labelled as Arkane R-134A. Each case contained 30 canisters of 250g of R-12 Confiscated and stored by Federated States of Micronesia, Yap State Field Office UNEP/OzL.Pro.28/INF/5

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Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
1st quarter of 2017 HCFC-22 5130 kg of used HCFC-22. From 2014 to 2017, shipped to Panama. No refrigerant was seized in Panama yet The arrested people were all based in Spain Operation Malvarma against illegal export of recovered refrigerants The Environmental Protection Service (SEPRONA) of the Spanish Guardia Civil in coordination with the Public Prosecutor on the Environment from the Prosecutor General's Office have conducted the following operations against illegal trade of ozone-depleting substances: By sea from Sagunto (Valencia) in Spain to the industrial estate El Sitio de Juan Diaz in Panama. By road from Sagunto (Valencia) to Valles (Tarragona) in Spain and then exported to France. In 2016, an organized criminal group (OCG) under the company name of FRIOGAS shipped 5130 kg of used HCFC-22 from Spain to Panama. The shipment took place by sea transport and was arranged by a Spanish waste management company based in Sagunto (Valencia), Spain. The import company was in the industrial estate El Sitio de Juan Diaz in Panama. The investigation resulted in the dismantling of the organized criminal group and the arrest of nine persons who were presented for illegal trafficking of HCFC-22. The export disobeyed European Union Regulation (EC) 1005/2009 on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which imposes an export license for used ozone-depleting substances by European Commission. A court case was initiated and is still ongoing. A copy of the accusation document is available. The investigation also revealed offences within the Spanish waste management company in terms of lack of proper waste treatment in 9753 kg of used HCFC-22. In normal conditions of compliance with the law, the recovered gas was sent from the Spanish waste management company in Sagunto (Valencia) to another company in Valles (Tarragona), and then transported to France to the destruction in a waste elimination plant. But the investigation detected deviation from this legal procedure with the finding of illegal exports from Valencia to Panama It is regenerated HCFC-22 but according to the lack of proper equipment in the installation, it could not be of high quality. Therefore, not all the gas was sent to France to destruction, but there was an important quantity of gas that was illegally exported to Panama to the economic benefit of the Spanish company offended. Rule Judgment has to be seen, court case was initiated and is still ongoing The European Commission and the Montreal Protocol Focal Points in Spain and in Panama were informed but were not involved in the investigations. A copy of the accusation document is available, in Spanish, and we send some photo of the case, but mind that due to the exports had already taken place at the time of the investigation, there are no photos of R22 bottles seized.  
Seizure on February 15, 2017 and inspection on February 21, 2019 HCFC-409A 1 unlabelled cylinder of 6 kg of an unknown refrigerant and 1 cylinder of 198 kg of HCFC-409A (blend). Serial numbers 488584 and 360878 Spain internal Operation Cheiro against use of prohibited refrigerants in livestock farms Seizure location: Zamora region in Spain More than 180 inspections of refrigeration systems, milk tanks and compressors in livestock farms in the Zamora region showed that many of the old systems used prohibited ozone-depleting refrigerants, had false labels and were not registered in the Industry Registry. A Spanish contractor (service company) charged the farmers as if they had replaced the refrigerants, without having done it. The contractor certified that the installations were retrofitted to alternative refrigerants while they continued using prohibited refrigerants. The inspections identified several milk tanks and compressors containing CFC-12 or HCFC-22 refrigerants while the labelling showed HFC-424A. Some of the refrigerated tanks with HCFC-22 were for sale. Three individuals were arrested and condemned for fraud. A court case was initiated and is conducted by the Court of Instruction No. 3 of Zamora and the Prosecutor's Office of Zamora, among others for a crime of Article 348.1 of the Penal Code. This includes crimes against collective security for commercialization of gases that deplete the ozone layer. Photos of the seized refrigerant cylinders are available. The seizure of the unlabelled container with a type of gas inside with a weight of six (6) kilograms took place on February 15, 2017 in the warehouse of the company COGABE C.B. The content of the bottle sealed by GUARDIA CIVIL - SEPRONA has not been analysed so far. A new inspection was carried out in those facilities on February 21, 2019, verifying that the seized bottle is still there
September 2016 R11 and R12 600 electronic items including 203 refrigerators Spain internal Operation against illegal handling of electronic and toxic waste Investigation: Soria region in Spain, two owners of a recycling company in Soria, Spain, which handled without authorization electronic and toxic waste including hundreds of end-of-life refrigerators, and which illegally released ozone-depleting and global warming refrigerants into the atmospheres. The illegal activity has been taking place since July 2013. As a result of the investigation, 600 electronic items including 203 refrigerators were confiscated at the specialized Public Prosecutor´s demand. The investigation also showed that more than 40 kg of mercury compounds were illegally dumped into the soil, and that chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) refrigerants R11 and R12 were illegally released into the atmosphere. Other toxic substances such as lead, cadmium, zinc were also found at the premises of the enterprise. In January 2015, the representative of the Public Prosecutor´s Office for the Protection of the Environment in Soria discovered significant amounts of electronic waste, along with other toxic substances, at the premises of the recycling company near Soria. The Environmental Unit of the Civil Guards, also known as SEPRONA, found out that the company was authorized to recycle non-dangerous waste, but not any electronic or toxic waste. The technical unit of the Public Prosecutor´s Office provided the necessary scientific support in the investigation. The recycling company Was pledged guilty for all the prohibited substances illegal management and responsible convicted to two years imprisonment, three years interdiction of working in the recycling business and a daily fine to be paid during the period of 8 months.  
2011 R-11 R12 54.537,262 kg estimated emisions de CFCs Spain internal Operation against illegal handling of electronic and toxic waste Aragon region in Spain, two owners of two recycling companies, which managed deliberately wrong electronic and electric waste including thosends of end-of-life fridges 2007-2010, and which illegally released ozone-depleting and global warming refrigerants into the atmospheres. The illegal activity has been taking place since July 2007. Two responsible people of the recycling companies were pledged guilty for all the prohibited substances illegal management and first responsible convicted to two years imprisonment, three years interdiction of working in the recycling business and a daily fine to be paid during the period of 12 months. Second responsible convicted to 1 year imprisonment, 1 year interdiction of working in the recycling business and a daily fine to be paid during the period of 8 months.  
2017-2018 HFC-134a 1620 kg in estimated emisions Spain internal Operation against greenhouse gas emissions (Operation KIGALI) Inspections of recycling plants for end-of-life vehicles showed that two of them did not recover the HFC-134a refrigerant contained in the air-conditioning systems. The release of fluorinated gases in the atmosphere when is banned as per European Union’s F-gas Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 on Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases. The investigation detected irregularities in the recycling operations and illegal emissions of 1620 kg of HFC-134a..    
2016-2019 HFC-134a and R12 76 MM tn CO2 Spain internal Operation against greenhouse gas emissions Inspections of recycling plants for end-of-life vehicles in car waste management companies in 3 regions, with HFC-134a and possible R12 from refrigerants contained in the air-conditioning systems. The release of fluorinated gases in the atmosphere when is banned as per European Union’s F-gas Regulation (EU) No 517/2014, on Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases, Directive of End of Life Vehicles and Regulation 1005/2009 on ODS. The investigation detected irregularities in the recycling operations 86 people arrested 30 companies involved https://www.europol.europa.eu/newsroom/news/68-arrested-in-spain-for-pumping-out-76-million-kilos-of-co2  
2016 R-22     During 2016 law enforcement agents carried out a total of 265 inspections of businesses using ODS. As a result 103 infringements and 2 crimes were detected.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2014-2015 R-422 and R-22     Waste ODSs were transported by road using courier companies, in unauthorized vehicles that were different from those identified in the original application for shipment authorization. The cases were sent to the local authorities. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2013-2016 R-22 37 tonnes   Illegal Trade of R-22 The investigation carried out by local authorities concluded that virgin R-22 was traded illegally thus breaching the ODS licensing system. 17 people were arrested and 37 tonnes of R22 seized. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2015 R-407 and R-22   Spain, France and Portugal The Spanish Civil Guard participated in the operation to inspect and search for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and possible illegal CFCs purported to be exported outside the European Union. 24 people arrested, 11 of them charged. 348 fridges were seized along with 154 washing machines, 7332 kg of metal and WEEE, 8 cylinders of R-22 and R-407. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2015 R-22     Customs authorities undertook 15 inspections in all the big establishments that already had equipment running with R-22. 17 arrests were carried out for different infringements of the regulatory management of the refrigeration equipment. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2015 R-22   Spain and Morocco Collection of Wast Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) freezer operation in different provinces of Spain - Madrid, Toledo, Ciudad Real and Melilla by regional, local and state environmental authorities. This involved the collection of used freezers which were diverted and traded in the second hand market in Spain and Morocco instead of being sent to waste treatment plants. The WEEE was dismantled and set with parts of other WEEE to be placed in the market. 464 WEEE (mainly freezers) were seized and 24 people were arrested. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2010-2011 R-12 R-11 71Tonnes   Shredding of fridges and other household appliances without ODS recovery. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) was collected from the legal waste collection sites. Fridges were sent to scrapyards instead of waste treatment plants. Valuable pieces were extracted and the rest ended in shredding facilities without any ODS decontamination. 1300 fridges and 1000 compressors seized. Around 71 Tonnes of R22, amounting to 500.000 Tonnes of CO2 equivalents from 400fridges were managed irregularly, with an estimated 10 million euros in profit. As a result 59 people were arrested, prosecuted and sentenced by the Supreme Court. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
2013 R-12 R-11     Collection of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in the form of used fridges from a band of illegal traders operating in different provinces of Spain - Valencia, Alicante, Murcia y Málaga that were involved in diverting them to the second hand market in Spain and Morocco instead of sending the equipment to waste treatment plants. The WEEE were dismantled without any recovery of the ODS gas and the corresponding ODS emissions. 1739 fridges were seized during the operation and 178 people arrested. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.29/INF/5/Rev.1 - submission dated 09-Mar-17
Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
01-01-2003 CFC-12 26 cylinders of R 502 (mixtures of CFC and HCFC) Not provided These cylinders were detained by customs authorities.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-04-2003 CFC-12 200 cylinders of CFC-12 mislabelled as HFC-134a China Investigation revealed that a Chinese company named “Ningbo Free Zone, Sino- Resource, Import and Export Company Limited” manufactured the illegal consignment. The company claimed that it mistakenly filled the HFC-134a cylinders with CFC 12. The importer was fined. The consignment was forfeited and sold at auction to “Koolair Limited”, a company with a valid quota to import ODS. The purchased amount was deducted from Koolair’s quota.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-05-2003 CFC-12 1 cylinder of CFC-12 and 3 cylinders of R 502 (mixture of CFC & HCFC) and 8 cylinders of CFC-11 Not provided The cylinders were detained by the customs authorities.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
01-05-2004 CFC-12 Refrigerated container working with CFC-12 Not provided This was directed for retrofitting.   Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.16/7
Thirteenth edition

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a global agreement to protect the Earth’s ozone layer by phasing out the chemicals that deplete it. This phase-out plan includes both the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances. The landmark agreement was signed in 1987 and entered into force in 1989. 

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Laboratory and analytical uses

Recalling decisions VII/11 and XXI/6, in which the Meeting of the Parties requested all parties to urge their national standards-setting organizations to identify and review their standards for laboratory and analytical procedures that mandate the use of Montreal Protocol controlled substances with a view to adopting, where possible, laboratory and analytical products and processes that do not use controlled substances,

Recalling also decisions VII/11, XI/15, XVIII/15 and XIX/18, by which the Meeting of the Parties eliminated specific uses from the global exemption for laboratory and analytical uses,

1. To extend the global laboratory and analytical-use exemption until 31 December 2021, under the conditions set out in annex II to the report of the Sixth Meeting of the Parties and decisions XV/8, XVI/16 and XVIII/15, for the controlled substances under the Montreal Protocol in all annexes and groups except Annex C, group 1;

2. To request the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel to report no later than 2018 on the development and availability of laboratory and analytical procedures that can be performed without using controlled substances under the Montreal Protocol;

3. To encourage parties to continue to investigate domestically the possibility of replacing ozone-depleting substances in laboratory and analytical uses and to share the resulting information;

Annex II : Conditions applied to exemption for laboratory and analytical uses

Parties’ reports on illegal trade

 

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
21-12-2016 R 22 357 cylinders   Upon a phone call received by one of the importers about an alert on illegal trade of R22 in Entre Ríos Province, the NOU called national gendarmerie office in that jurisdiction. An official letter from the chief officer of that command centre was received. Information sent was processed and communication with the Federal Criminal and Correctional Court on Duty Number 1 of Entre Ríos Province-, where the prosecution is held, was established. There is a prosecution being held under the local jurisdiction, ongoing communication with the court in duty is held. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5
08-05-2017 R 22 400 cylinders   Upon a phone call received by one of the importers about an alert on illegal trade of R22 in Entre Ríos Province, the NOU called national gendarmerie office in that jurisdiction. An official letter from the chief officer of that command centre was received. Information sent was processed and communication with the Federal Criminal and Correctional Court on Duty Number 1 of Entre Ríos Province-, where the prosecution is held, was established. There is a prosecution being held under the local jurisdiction, ongoing communication with the court in duty is held. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5