The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer logo was developed to provide a distinct brand for the two treaties across various communication assets and applications. The visual identity guideline is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of applications and correct use of the logo.
The Protocol, along with the Vienna Convention, achieved universal participation on 16 September 2009 – the first treaties of any kind in the history of the United Nations system to achieve that aspiration.
This edition has been updated to include all relevant information from 1989 to date.
Welcome to the eleventh edition of the Handbook for the Vienna Convention. This edition has been updated to include all relevant information from 1985 to date.
The Handbook is structured as follows: section 1 sets out the full text of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (1985). Section 2 comprises the full text of all of the decisions of the Conferences of the Parties, up to and including its eleventh meeting in November 2017.
Ozone depleting substances (ODSs) controlled by the Montreal Protocol are potent greenhouse gases (GHGs), as are their substitutes, the hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Here we provide for the first time a comprehensive estimate of U.S. emissions of ODSs and HFCs based on precise measurements in discrete air samples from across North America and in the remote atmosphere.
This briefing note outlines the steps that will be used by the Secretariat in calculating the control levels for production, consumption and baseline values of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The calculations will be based on the relevant definitions and provisions of the Montreal Protocol as adjusted and amended, including by the Kigali Amendment and taking into account the various decisions related to data reporting.
It is well established that anthropogenic chlorine-containing chemicals contribute to ozone layer depletion. The successful implementation of the Montreal Protocol has led to reductions in the atmospheric concentration of many ozone-depleting gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons. As a consequence, stratospheric chlorine levels are declining and ozone is projected to return to levels observed pre-1980 later this century.
We present observations defining (i) the frequency and depth of convective penetration of water into the stratosphere over the United States in summer using the Next-Generation Radar system; (ii) the altitude-dependent distribution of inorganic chlorine established in the same coordinate system as the radar observations; (iii) the high resolution temperature structure in the stratosphere over the United States in summer that resolves spatial and structural variability, including the impact of gravity waves; and (iv) the resulting amplification in the catalytic loss rates of ozone for the dominant halogen, hydrogen, and nitrogen catalytic cycles.
Background material for the workshop on safety standards relevant to the safe use of low global-warming-potential (GWP) alternatives to be held in Bangkok on 10th July 2017. Briefing note 3 provides an overall picture of safety related standards that apply during the lifetime of RACHP equipment. It provides indicative examples of RACHP equipment as well as the stakeholders who may be responsible for applying them.
Background material for the workshop on safety standards relevant to the safe use of low global-warming-potential (GWP) alternatives to be held in Bangkok on 10th July 2017. Brie ng note 1 covers the safety standards that are relevant to refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump (RACHP) equipment.
Background material for the workshop on safety standards relevant to the safe use of low-GWP alternatives to be held in Bangkok on 10th July 2017. Brie ng note 2 describes the process for writing new international standards or updating existing safety standards for the refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump (RACHP) equipment. It includes a summary of the current activities related to the updating of various RACHP safety standards.
"The views of the authors presented in the scientific papers are their own. They do not represent the views or policy of the Ozone Secretariat or the Parties to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol. No official endorsement should be inferred. The Ozone Secretariat does not make any warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the accuracy of the information contained therein and it does not assume any liability of any kind resulting from the use or reliance upon any information contained in those papers including links to websites".