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Kigali Amendment

Montreal Protocol parties continue to ratify the Kigali Amendment to the Protocol. The latest ratification was by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on 21 September 2017. 

The other parties to the Amendment, listed in the order in which they ratified it, are: Mali, the Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Rwanda, Palau, Norway, Chile and Tuvalu.

The Amendment was adopted by the 28th Meeting of Parties to the Montreal Protocol on 15 October 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda.

Under the Amendment, all countries will gradually phase down hydrofluorocarbons, a policy move that would avoid up to 0.5°C of global warming by the end of the century, while continuing to protect the ozone layer.

The Amendment will enter into force on 1 January 2019, provided that it is ratified by at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol. If that condition is not met by that date, the Amendment will become effective on the 90th day following the date of ratification by the 20th party.