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The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer logo was developed to provide a distinct brand for the two treaties across various communication assets and applications. The visual identity guideline is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of applications and correct use of the logo.

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Categories and examples of laboratory uses (not exhaustive list)

Reference

1. Research and development (e.g. pharmaceutical, pesticide, CFC

and HCFC substitutes)

1.1 Reaction solvent or reaction feedstock (e.g. Diels-Alder and Friedel-Craft Reactions, RuO3 oxidation, allelic side bromination, etc.)

2. Analytical uses and regulated applications (including quality control)

2.1 Reference

– Chemical (ODS monitoring, volatile organic compound (VOC) Detection, Equipment Calibration)

– Toxicant

– Product (adhesive bond strength, breathing filter test)

2.2 Extraction

– Pesticide and heavy metal detection (e.g. in food)

– Oil mist analysis

– Colour and food additive detection

– Oil detection in water and soil

2.3 Diluent

– Zinc, copper, cadmium detection in plants and food

– Microchemical methods to determine molecular weight or oxygen

– Measuring drug purity and residual determination

– Sterilization of lab equipment

2.4 Carrier (Inert)

– Forensic methods (e.g. fingerprinting)1

– Titration (cholesterol in eggs, drug chemical characteristics, “Iodine value”, e.g. in oils and chemical products)

– Analytical equipment (Spectroscopy (Infra-red, Ultra-violet, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, fluorescence), chromatography (High-pressure liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, thin-layer chromatography)

2.5 Tracer

– Sanitary engineering

2.6 Miscellaneous (including testing)

– Ingredient in material for testing (e.g. asphalt, metal fatigue and fracturing)

– Separation media (separation of extraneous materials such as filth and insect excreta from stored food products)

3. Miscellaneous (including biochemical)

3.1 Laboratory method development

3.2 Sample preparation using solvent

3.3 Heat transfer medium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annex IV of the 7th MOP

adopted by decision VII/11

Categories of laboratory and analytical uses allowing the use of methyl bromide

Reference

(a) As a reference or standard:

(i) To calibrate equipment which uses methyl bromide

(ii) To monitor methyl bromide emission levels

(iii) To determine methyl bromide residue levels in goods, plants and commodities

(b) In a laboratory toxicological study

(c) To compare the efficacy of methyl bromide and its alternatives inside a laboratory;

(d) As a laboratory agent which is destroyed in a chemical reaction in the manner of feedstock

 

 

 

 

Decision XVIII/15

1 Forensic finger-printing is no longer exempted: https://ozone.unep.org/resources/categories-of-laboratory-and-analytical-uses-no-longer-exempted.

Categories of laboratory and analytical uses no longer exempted

Reference

1. Refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment used in laboratories, including refrigerated laboratory equipment such as ultra-centrifuges

2. Cleaning, reworking, repair, or rebuilding of electronic components or assemblies

3. Preservation of publications and archives

4. Sterilization of materials in a laboratory

Decision VII/11

5. Testing of oil, grease and total petroleum hydrocarbons in water

6. Testing of tar in road-paving materials

7. Forensic finger-printing

Decision XI/15

8. Testing of organic matter in coal

Decision XIX/18

Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
2013 HCFC-22 22.9 MT China A person was accused in 2017 of entering into an agreement with a Chinese company to purchase HCFC-22, which was packaged in cylinders bearing counterfeit trademarks. The 2013 contract listed the product as R-134a – but a second, secret agreement called for the company to actually sell HCFC-22. The indictment charged the accused with conspiracy, one count of entry of goods by means of false statement, five counts of passing false and fraudulent papers through a customhouse, one count of smuggling and one count of violating the Clean Air Act by improperly selling HCFC-22 to an undercover agent. In 2018 the accused pleaded guilty of charges of illegally importing ODS. He was ordered to pay a fine of $40,000 and sentenced to a term of two years’ probation, to include 6 months of home confinement.
Treaty texts
Gender
cover image

The organizations of the United Nations system are committed to enabling events at which everyone can participate in an inclusive, respectful and safe environment.

UN system events are guided by the highest ethical and professional standards, and all participants are expected to behave with integrity and respect towards all participants attending or involved with any UN system event.

Gender
cover image

This document aims to initiate a discussion on gender mainstreaming in the work of the ozone treaties. It begins by providing a brief overview of international instruments on gender and the 2030 Agenda, to which the parties’ implementation of the ozone treaties has over the years made significant contributions. The 2030 Agenda clearly acknowledges the link between environmental protection and gender equality: Sustainable Development Goal 5 (SDG5) is aimed at achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls, and gender-related aspects are present within several other goals as well.

  Substance Name Chemical Formula
PFPHP - Perfluoroperhydrophenanthrene (Vitreon, Flutec PP 11) CAS 306-91-2
PFTBA - Tris(perfluorobutyl)-amine (FC-43) CAS 311-89-7
TCHFB - 1,2,3,4‐Tetrachlorohexafluorobutane CAS 375-45-1
DCTFP - 3,5-Dichloro-2,4,6-trifluoropyridine CAS 1737-93-5
DCTCB - 1,2-Dichloro-3-(trichloromethyl)benzene CAS 84613-97-8
Parties’ reports on illegal trade
Date Substances traded Volume Exporting country Details of the illegal ODS trade Action taken Remarks
2015 HCFC-22 CFC-12 Not specified Trans-shipment from China to Russia via Netherlands In July 2015 the Dutch Environmental Inspectorate has blocked in the Port of Rotterdam 2 containers with gas bottles containing refrigerants for further transport. From samples taken from the refrigerants it was shown that, despite their labelling as HFC’s (R-134a and R-407c) the bottles contained partly HCFC-22 and CFC-12 Legislation According to the European Ozone Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009 and related Dutch national legislation such import of Ozone Depleting Substances is illegal and this ban on import is broadly formulated addressing everyone involved. The Council of State of the Netherlands determined that in addition to the sender and receiver also a shipping company can be considered as offender of a legal ban on imports of ozone-depleting substances. Cease and desist order. The Environmental Inspectorate considered all parties involved in this case as offenders and the Chinese supplier, the Russian addressee as well as the shipping company were all imposed with cease and desist orders requiring full destruction of all illegal ODS refrigerants and payment of storage costs conditional to a penalty. Eventually the shipping company appealed to this cease and desist order. Shipping company’s view The company’s position was that they were wrongly addressed as offender in this case and could not be blamed as they must be able to rely on the accuracy of the product information provided by the other parties involved. It cannot be expected from them to check the content of all gas bottles. They are suffering from the actions of the Chinese and Russian parties. The Ruling In its Ruling no 201706000/1/A1 from April 25, 2018, the Netherlands Council of State did not agree and puts the Environmental Inspectorate in the right. The import ban is also targeting a shipping company which can be therefor also considered as offender. Furthermore, from a professional carrier some research into the contents of the bottles can be expected. The Council of State also found important that it was a known smuggling route of ozone depleting substances. Furthermore, the carrier could check the gas cylinders in a relatively easy way through sampling. Importance This ruling is important because it facilitates the approach to address this kind of international smuggling activities. There are also more of this kind of broadly formulated prohibitions. So also for other areas this statement is of interest. Carriers will have to take their responsibilities and be more active in preventing violations of this kind of import bans. Link to the full ruling of the NL Council of State (in Dutch): http://www.raadvanstate.nl/uitspraken/zoeken-in-uitspraken/tekst-uitspraak.html?id=94929. Annex to UNEP/OzL.Pro.30/INF/5