Quarantine and pre-shipment uses: methyl bromide for quarantine and pre-shipment (QPS) applications is used to control pests and pathogens in certain imported and exported commodities, and QPS uses are not included in the calculated levels of consumption and production.
Ozone Research Managers
The Vienna Convention provides for that parties shall co-operate in conducting research and systematic
observations and in formulating recommendations for future research and observation in areas related to the ozone layer.
To this end the Ozone Research Managers meet every three years to review national and international research and monitoring
activities to ensure coordination and identify gaps.
Reports submitted by Kazakhstan to the Ozone Research Managers meetings to date are available below: