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Thursday, 13 October 2016
Moving towards an Equitable HFC Phasedown Amendment
Time Description Room / Location Level / Floor
Organizers: The Energy & Resources Institute (TERI)
Description:As India phases out HCFCs, and embarks upon an HFC phase down, it seeks to avoid following the footsteps of industry in developed countries by leapfrogging to alternatives with lower global warming potential (GWP). This transition offers an opportunity to maximize climate benefits by minimizing both: direct emissions from refrigerant use, and indirect emissions through energy use, by selecting alternatives that result in higher efficiency systems. While several sectors – industrial foams, automobile air conditioning for example – have alternatives well on their way to commercialization, other industry sectors are not yet equally prepared to make a transition. Availability of affordable and feasible alternatives for such sectors is yet to be determined, and needs strong support from domestic and international governments, a focus on research, development and deployment (RD&D) and also support from the Montreal Protocol. India has been an active and constructive participant in the search for solutions and continues to do so by expanding R&D activities and industry-led innovations in search for low-GWP HFC alternatives. Finding alternatives to HFCs also opens several challenges including dealing with flammability, development of new standards for appliances and buildings, toxicity of refrigerants, challenges related to equipment design, training of technicians, to name a few. Another key action is to replace old equipment with newer, more energy efficient ones. Filling the next generation of refrigerant gases in yesterday’s and today’s ACs will cancel out much of these hard won gains unless the systems are optimized. Energy Efficiency is therefore a key element in the global collaboration to preserve the ozone layer, and mitigate climate change. The discussions will focus around tackling uncertainties, being ambitious but equitable with the phase-down schedules keeping in mind different capacities and capabilities of nations.
Opportunities for A5 Countries to Leapfrog to Long-Term Sustainable Alternatives Based on Natural Refrigerants
Time Description Room / Location Level / Floor
Organizers: Norway and India
Description:Natural refrigerants were dominating the market before synthetic gases were introduced. Due to concerns regarding safety and costs these refrigerants were to a large degree replaced by CFCs, HCFC and HFCs, but the good thermodynamic properties of these refrigerants remain. Carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons, ammonia and water are now reemerging as viable alternatives due to environmental concerns and new research and product development. Ministers from India and Norway will open the side event, followed by three invited presentations and concluded by a panel discussion. The presentations will give an update of the state-of-the-art as regards to the use and development of systems based of natural refrigerants in various sectors and applications. Particular focus will be on the use of natural refrigerants and the opportunities in India and other A5 Countries to leapfrog to alternatives based on natural refrigerants. A panel discussion will be made with the presenters and three additional experts with experience on natural working fluids and the opportunities they represent in phasing down the use of halocarbons. It will also be opened for questions and comments from the audience.